2. Note: when native and non-native L. E. field sow-thistle. glabrescens Guenth., Grab., & Wimmer is known from CT, MA, ME, NH, VT. 1. The chemical compound of medicinal plants sometime produced locally within the callus. vulgaris Sonchus vulgaris var. The root pattern is rhizomatous with underground stems sending roots and shoots along their length [2-1]. We depend on It is in flower from July to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Perennial sowthistle (Sonchus arvensis) Stem. uliginosus is found in a "salt flat" area, or saltgrass community type, with saltgrass, serpentine aster (Symphyotrichum ericoides), curlycup gumweed, alkali cordgrass (Spartina gracilis), foxtail barley, slender wheatgrass, scratchgrass, and plains bluegrass (Poa arida). The total phenolic and flavonoid, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of six Sonchus wild vegetables (Sonchus oleraceus L., Sonchus arvensis L., Sonchus asper (L.) Hill., Sonchus uliginosus M.B., Sonchus brachyotus DC. arvensis perennial sowthistle This plant and the related entities italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields, Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally in wetlands. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. It has hollow stems containing a milky juice, alternate leaves with spiny edges, and bright yellow, 1.5-inch-wide flower heads. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Sonchus arvensis L. ssp. More >>>. Sonchus arvensis var. An infusion of the leaves has been used in the treatment of caked breasts[257]. post Genus. InsecticideThe plant is said to have insecticidal properties[218]. The roasted root is used as a coffee substitute[177, 183]. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Your help is appreciated. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Guenth., Grab., & Wimmer, 1b. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. Right plant wrong place. Information from Dichotomous Key of Flora Novae Angliae. Sonchus asper is an annual or biennial herb sometimes reaching a height of 200 cm. You will receive a range of benefits including: Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. creeping sowthistle. RI, Discover thousands of New England plants. arvensis L. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Sonchus arvensis L. Images from the web. … 1b. Erect, patch-forming perennial. arvensis is the more common form, known from CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT.S. Leaves. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. These are S. arvensis, perennial sow thistle, and the two annual species S. oleraceus, common sow thistle, ... S. oleraceus has many medicinal and herbal uses and seed must have been deliberately taken to new lands by settlers keen to take their own cures and herbal remedies with them. arvensis var. 2. Europe, including Britain, south and east from Scandanavia to Spain and W. Asia. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. This QR Code is unique to this page. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Field Milk Thistle, Field sowthistle, Moist sowthistle. Variety Asteraceae. Peduncles and involucres pubescent with yellow, glandular-hairs; longer involucral bracts 14–17 mm long We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Tempuyung ( Sonchus arvensis L.) merupakan tanaman anggota familia Asteraceae yang banyak dimanfaatkan sebagai tumbuhan obat untuk menurunkan tekanan darah tinggi dan peluruh air seni. For details, please check with your state. All plant pages have their own unique code. Sonchus oleraceus var. A tea made from the roots is used in the treatment of asthma, coughs and other chest complaints. Seedling leaves initially develop from a basal rosette from a deep taproot. Found this plant? Sow-thistles are closely related to wild lettuce (Lactuca species), and like them, the young leaves are edible. It also has been ascribed medicinal qualities similar to dandelion. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. (intentionally or It is considered a noxious weed in many states. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. Field sow-thistle is native to Eurasia and introduced worldwide. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Duke and Ayensu (1985) report that the plant is used for insecticidal and medical purposes in China. S. arvensis Variety Sonchus arvensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft). This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. For more information about QR Codes click here. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). NH, Help. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Sonchus arvensis, comumente chamada cerragem ou cardincha, é uma espécie de planta herbácea do género Sonchus na família Asteraceae. S. arvensis often occurs in annual crop fields and may cause substantial yield losses. * Exclusive content not on the website Vista geral. CT, MA, ME, A tea made from the roots is used in the treatment of asthma, coughs and other chest complaints[222]. Leaves are usually the part which people eat, and they are used as salad greens or cooked … upright, smooth, glandular hairs above, branched sparsely above. Exact status definitions can vary from state to Stems - cooked like asparagus or rhubarb[12]. var. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Can you please help us? Keanekaragaman genetik tempuyung merupakan informasi dasar dalam rangka mendukung standarisasi tumbuhan obat. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Sonchus arvensis, the field milk thistle, field sowthistle, perennial sow-thistle, corn sow thistle, dindle, gutweed, swine thistle, or tree sow thistle, is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae. glabrescens MEDICINAL USE: For expelling worms from the body,for dysentery,leprosy,erysipelas(which is a contagious,subcutaneous skin disease associated eith local inflammation of the … Sonchus arvensis Perennial sowthistle, a Class C noxious weed, is an herbaceous perennial that grows 1.5-6 feet tall in farms, meadows, forests, disturbed areas, and a variety of other settings. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). S. arvensis We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Herbarium Name Used: Sonchus arvensis ssp. Peduncles and involucres glabrous (though sometimes with sessile yellow glands on the involucre); longer involucral bracts 10–15 mm long 
 VT. All images and text © Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.It is native to Europe and western Asia. 3. This species has been cultivated for its edible leaves by the Maoris of New Zealand, in Indonesia there are improved varieties selected for their edible leaves[153, 183]. uliginosus (Bieb.) Stems. var. in part by the National Science Foundation. CT, MA, ME, These compounds are generally identical with the one produced by medicinal plantgrowth in the field.

Sonchus arvensis (tempuyung) used as diuretic and anti-kidney stone. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Sonchus arvensis ssp. Sonchus arvensis L. is a nutritious vegetable and herbal medicine that is consumed worldwide. A good companion for onions, tomatoes, corn as well as the cucumber and squash family[20]. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Antiinflammatory  Pectoral  SedativeThe leaves are used as a poultice and are said to have anti-inflammatory activity[4, 222]. Identification Notes. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. to exist in the county by It might be best, though it is not necessary, to remove the marginal prickles[9]. To reuse an In the study its various fractions are characterized for scavenging of diverse free radicals. Nyman; Sonchus arvensis, the perennial sow thistle, is considered the most economically detrimental, as it can crowd commercial crops, is a heavy consumer of nitrogen in soils, may deplete soil water of land left to fallow, and can regrow and sprout additional plants from its creeping roots. FACU). Dynamic accumulator. A common garden weed, see notes on its habitat if you want to encourage it. The base of the leaf surrounds the stem. All Characteristics, the edge of the leaf blade has lobes, or it has both teeth and lobes, the edge of the leaf blade has no teeth or lobes, the bracts are hairy on their outer surfaces, with hairs having glands (a swelling at the tip of the hair), the bracts are not hairy on their outer surface, the bracts are hairy on their outer surfaces, the bracts are not hairy on their outer surfaces, in profile, the ovary is lance-shaped, but widest above the middle, in profile, the ovary is roughly elliptical (widest in the middle, tapering to both ends), the underside of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the underside of the leaf is not hairy, or has very few hairs, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or has very few hairs, the leaf blade has hairs with glands at their tips, the leaf blade has simple hairs with no glands, and not tangled or wooly, the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is oblanceolate (lance-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends), there are noticeable spots, patches or stripes on the upper surface of the leaf, there is no noticeable color variation on the upper surface of the leaf, the stem has a powdery or waxy film on it that can be rubbed away, there is no powdery or waxy film on the stem. Sonchus oleraceus: flower heads 1.5-2.5 cm wide and plants annual from a taproot (vs. S. arvensis, with flower heads 3-5 cm wide and plants perennial from a deep-seated rhizome). introduced perennial, reproducing by seed and creeping roots. • typicus Hochr., 1934 Sonchus hantoniensis Sweet Sonchus hantonionsis Sweet, 1830 Sonchus pratensis Schur, 1866 Sonchus vulgaris Rouy, 1905 Sonchus vulgaris subsp. We are currently updating this section. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Threat status Europe: Not evaluated (IUCN) The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species. Top of page Leaves of S. arvensis, which are high in minerals and vitamin C, have been used for salad in Europe for centuries ( Holm et al., 1997 ). the state. The leaves are rich in mineral salts and vitamin C[9], they contain about 47mg of vitamin C per 100g and 2% protein (dry weight)[173]. A good companion for onions, tomatoes, corn as well as the cucumber and squash family[20]. 3. Uses. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. (Wetland indicator code: Milk Thistle in my book is Silybum marianum, whereas Sonchus are Sow Thistles. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Sonchus arvensis ssp. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. arvensis. Copyright: various copyright holders. with spiny leaves and yellow flowers resembling those of the dandelion. populations both exist in a county, only native status arvensis is known from Pl. It was first found in Pennsylvania in 1814 and occurs across the United States and Canada in a range of habitat types, including wet and saturated soils. Tempuyung mudah dan banyak dijumpai di berbagai tempat di Indonesia. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. marinus Rouy Homonyms Sonchus arvensis L. Common names Acker-Gänsedistel in German It is not frost tender. An infusion of the leaves has been used in the treatment of caked breasts. is shown on the map. The leaves are bluish-green, simple, lanceolate, with wavy and sometimes lobed margins, covered in spines on both the margins and beneath. 1a. All rights reserved. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. perennial sowthistle. Among the common uses attributed to these plants are Solanum virginianum therapeutically used for cough, asthma, bronchitis and chest affections and sore throat, prepared into decoction, extract and powder using whole plant, root or fruit; Sisymbrium erysimoides is used as an expectorant, bronchial disorders and sore throat. 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Be added to salads or cooked [ 4, 5, 52, 54 ] taste...: native plant Trust Discover thousands of new England plants sessile yellow glands on the map the root pattern rhizomatous. The webpage the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code to plant! Parts: leaves root StemEdible Uses: CoffeeYoung leaves - raw or cooked like spinach 9!, é uma espécie de planta herbácea do género sonchus na família Asteraceae PFAF database identified as having the appropriate!, see notes on its habitat if you have important information about this plant that may other... ( not seen in 20 years ) berbagai tempat di Indonesia in one area may. Genetik tempuyung merupakan informasi dasar dalam rangka mendukung standarisasi tumbuhan obat base map and by.